Today in History: Today is Tuesday, June 21, the 172nd day of 2022. It is the 1st day of summer.
Today’s highlight in the story:
On June 21, 1788, the United States Constitution took effect when New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.
To this date :
In 1377, King Edward III died after having ruled England for 50 years; he was succeeded by his grandson, Richard II.
In 1834 Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaper.
In 1942, an Imperial Japanese submarine fired shells at Fort Stevens on the Oregon coast, causing little damage.
In 1954, the American Cancer Society presented a study at the American Medical Association meeting in San Francisco which found that men who regularly smoked cigarettes died at a considerably higher rate than non-smokers.
In 1964, civil rights activists Michael H. Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James E. Chaney were killed in Philadelphia, Mississippi; their bodies were found buried in an earthen dam six weeks later. (Forty-one years later on this date in 2005, Edgar Ray Killen, an 80-year-old former Ku Klux Klan member, was convicted of manslaughter; he was sentenced to 60 years in prison, where he passed away in January 2018.)
In 1973, the United States Supreme Court, in Miller v. California, ruled that states could prohibit materials deemed obscene by local standards.
In 1977, Menachem Begin (men-AH’-kem BAY’-gihn) of the Likud bloc became Israel’s sixth prime minister.
In 1982, a jury in Washington, DC found John Hinckley Jr. not guilty by reason of insanity in the shooting of President Ronald Reagan and three other men.
In 1985, the film Cocoon was released in theaters.
In 1989, a sharply divided Supreme Court ruled that burning the American flag as a form of political protest was protected by the First Amendment.
In 1997, the WNBA made its debut as the New York Liberty defeated host Los Angeles Sparks 67-57.
In 2010, Faisal Shahzad (FY’-sul shah-ZAHD’), a Pakistani-born US citizen, pleaded guilty to charges of plotting a failed car bombing in New York’s Times Square. (Shahzad was later sentenced to life in prison.)
In 2011, the Food and Drug Administration announced that cigarette packages in the United States would have to carry gruesome images including rotting teeth and gums, diseased lungs and a sewn-up corpse of a smoker as part of a campaign graphic aimed at discouraging Americans from lighting up.
Ten years ago: The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously threw out penalties against Fox and ABC television stations for violating Federal Communications Commission policy regulating swearing and nudity on television, but the judges declined to issue a broader constitutional decision. Miami’s LeBron James capped his title bid with 26 points, 13 assists and 11 rebounds as he led the Heat in a 121-106 rout of the Oklahoma City Thunder to win the NBA Finals in five games. Broadway composer-lyricist Richard Adler, 90, has died in Southhampton, New York.
Five years ago: Connor McDavid of Edmonton won the Hart Trophy as the NHL’s Most Valuable Player at the league’s playoff awards in Las Vegas.
A year ago: The city council of Amherst, Mass., established a fund to pay reparations to black residents; the move came as communities and institutions searched for ways to atone for past slavery, discrimination and wrongs amid the nation’s ongoing racial reckoning. Raiders defensive lineman Carl Nassib has become the first active player in NFL history to publicly come out as gay. (Nassib would gain support from teammates and the Raiders, but was cut in March 2022 as part of a salary cap move.) Major League Baseball umpires began routinely checking all pitchers for sticky substances that could be used to cure baseballs.
Today’s birthdays: Composer Lalo Schifrin turns 90. Actor Bernie Kopell is 89 years old. Actor Monte Markham is 87 years old. Songwriter Don Black is 84 years old. Actor Mariette Hartley is 82 years old. Comedian Joe Flaherty is 81 years old.
Singer and rock musician Ray Davies (The Kinks) is 78 years old. Actor Meredith Baxter is 75 years old. Actor Michael Gross (co-star of Baxter in the sitcom “Family Ties”) is 75 years old. Rock musician Joe Molland (Badfinger) is 75 years old. Rock musician Don Airey (Deep Purple) is 74 years old. Rock musician Joey Kramer (Aerosmith) is 72 years old. Rock musician Nils Lofgren is 71 years old. Actor Robyn Douglass is 70 years old. Actor Leigh McCloskey is 67. Cartoonist Berke Breathed is 65 years old. Actor Josh Pais is 64 years old. Country singer Kathy Mattea is 63 years old. Oregon Governor Kate Brown is 62. Actor Marc Copage (koh-PAJ’) is 60 years old. Actor Sammi Davis is 58 years old. Actor Doug Savant is 58 years old. Country musician Porter Howell is 58 years old. Actor Michael Dolan is 57. Writer-director Lana Wachowski is 57. Actress Carrie Preston is 55. Rapper/producer Pete Rock is 52 years old. Country singer Allison Moorer is 50 years old. Actress Juliette Lewis is 49 years old. Actress Maggie Siff is 48 years old. Musician Justin Cary is 47 years old. musician Mike Einziger (Incubus) is 46 years old. Actor Chris Pratt is 43 years old.
Rock singer Brandon Flowers (The Killers) is 41 years old. Britain’s Prince William is 40. Actor Jussie Smollett is 40 years old. Actor Benjamin Walker is 40 years old. Actor Michael Malarkey is 39 years old. Pop singer Kris Allen (TV: “American Idol”) is 37 years old. Pop/rock singer Lana Del Rey is 37 years old. Jascha Washington is 33 years old. Country musician Chandler Baldwin (LANCO) is 30 years old. Pop singer Rebecca Black is 25 years old.