Did the navy try to design their own UFO?
By Peter Eisner
In December 2018, the United States Patent Office approved one of the strangest claims in its 231-year history, from a Navy engineer convinced he could design nothing less than a craft. denying the physics that could fly at massive speeds, not just across the sky but in space and even under the ocean.
Seems familiar? Indeed, if the dreams of Salvatore Cezar Pais, engineer with the Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division in Patuxent River, Maryland, had borne fruit, the Department of Defense itself could have given birth to one of these objects. which have struck shock and fear in pilots across the world in recent years, and which has prompted the US Secret Service to study the phenomenon.
In its long-awaited report on Friday, the office of the director of national intelligence did little or nothing to provide answers to the bizarre mid-air encounters with what it calls unidentified aerial phenomena, or PAN, which everyone is calling UFOs. It lists 143 observations of unknown provenance. But he doesn’t attribute any of the unexplained incidents to aliens or secret American technology.
“Most of the UAPs reported are likely to represent physical objects,” the ODNI report said, given that a majority of UAPs were recorded on multiple sensors, including radar, infrared, electro-optics, weapons researchers and observation. visual. “They just don’t know what they are. They’re going to study it a bit more.
But Pais, the Navy engineer, thought he could build a better PAN. It was a triangular-shaped craft of indeterminate size whose centerpiece was to be an inertial mass reduction device, a device that would use nuclear fusion energy and microwaves to create a vacuum that would alter its mass and would allow it to accelerate at high speed.
Impossible, say the astrophysicists SpyTalk: Such a device could not be built with known technology and could probably never exist in the natural world. “Confusing,” said one of them. SpyTalk. “Nonsense,” said another. (More details below.)
Yet two years later, Pais signed a related patent application with the Navy, this one for a “plasma fusion compression device,” which, if it worked, would essentially be a revolutionary breakthrough in the creation of a cold fusion generator. Together, the inventions have come to be known as the “Pais Effect”.
Why the Navy and the Patent Office (since 1975, the US Patent and Trademark Office) have considered such ideas remains a mystery. Does the approval have anything to do with the recent leak of videos of Navy pilots getting annoyed at PAN / UFOs?
Pais, who holds a doctorate in engineering from Case Western Reserve University, could not be reached for comment. His attorney during the patent process, Mark Gadd, referred all questions to a US Navy spokesperson at the Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division.
“The command carried out tests from October 2016 to September 2019 on the ‘Pais effect’, which is the basis of the patents,” said NAWCAD spokesman Timothy Boulay. SpyTalk in an email. “When the tests were concluded, the existence of the ‘Pais effect’ could not be proven. The project was then scrapped, he said.
The three-year project cost $ 508,000, Boulay said, 90 percent of which goes to wages and the rest to equipment. “Dr. Pais left NAWCAD in June 2019, and no one at NAWCAD can speak on his behalf,” he said.
The design of the vehicle described in the Navy patent is eerily similar to the grainy testimonials and videos recorded by US Navy pilots. The videos show the Tic Tac-shaped craft performing strange maneuvers in the air that appear not to behave according to the laws of aerodynamics.
After abandoning the “Pais Effect” project, Boulay said, “no further research was conducted and the project was not transferred to any other government or civil organization”. Obtaining a patent was not unusual, he said, even for a device as bizarre as this which ultimately didn’t work.
“As a federal laboratory, NAWCAD files many patents each year,” Boulay said. “The granting of a patent does not necessarily indicate the presence of the technology: it can also protect a concept. In this case, patents protected proprietary technological concepts until further research was done.
The patent caused a stir in technical and military publications and among techno-debunkers when it was originally filed in 2016. The Pakistani defense website, for example, opened a newsfeed in 2019 titled: “The US Navy Secretly Designed a Super-Fast System. futuristic plane resembling a UFO, documents reveal.
Usurping the opposition?
Reports at the time raised the possibility of an underground race for exotic technologies between the United States, China and Russia. Other speculation argued that U.S. sources were allowing selective leaks of information about technology that didn’t exist, like, say, a superplane powered by unlikely forces, in a strategic deception operation to piss off key adversaries. from America. By 2020, the Federation of American Scientists’ annual secret patent list had grown to nearly 6,000.
Yet the conception of this particular craft was anything but secret. Officials were ready to discuss it, as was its inventor. In his 2018 patent application, Pais described his vehicle in detail, with diagrams. It “includes an internal resonant cavity wall, an external resonant cavity, and microwave emitters,” he wrote. The craft would contain an inert gas such as xenon, a vacuum would be created outside the vehicle, and the microwaves would produce vibrations in the vacuum. The crew’s quarters would be locked in a Faraday cage to protect them from microwave radiation.
The result, the inventor said, would be a hybrid device which “would move with great ease in air / space / water environments, being enclosed in a vacuum plasma bubble / sheath.”
Pais admitted at one point that his invention was extremely hypothetical, nothing less than changing known physics.
“If we can design the structure of the local quantum vacuum state,” he wrote in his patent application, “we can design the fabric of our reality at the most fundamental level (thereby affecting the inertial properties and gravitational system of a physical system). This achievement would significantly advance the fields of aerospace propulsion and power generation. “
This description was mind-boggling to many physicists.
“I find it frankly confusing that the patents have been granted,” said Stephen Webb, a physicist at the University of Portsmouth, England, and author of If the universe is full of aliens … Where is everyone? “It’s like this wonderful wish list of things we want. So there is basically unlimited free energy, there is high temperature superconductivity, which will transform society … and inertial mass reduction. I mean it doesn’t make sense in terms of physics.
Others were more direct. “This is nonsense,” said Jeremiah Ostriker, astrophysicist and professor of astronomy at Columbia and Princeton universities. “If an airplane throws things overboard, its inertial mass decreases, but its momentum decreases by the same fraction and therefore it won’t go any faster.”
The question then would be, why would the Navy seek a certificate for an impossible dream? In fact, the United States Patent Office initially rejected Pais’ inertial mass proposal on the grounds that it could never be built. Patent law rulings say that an invention must be “activated”, not necessarily in working order, but capable of being constructed as described.
Philip J. Bonzell, the patent examiner responsible for examining Pais’ flying machine, rejected his claim on this basis – he said it could not be built. The power required to fly the craft would be absurdly high – “three orders of magnitude more than a neutron star,” he wrote, rejecting the patent. “It would take 10 ^ 9 Tesla of power. ” [The tesla, or measurement of the strength of a magnetic field, is named after Nikola Tesla, the Serbian-American inventor, not after Elon Musk’s cars.] “The Examiner feels that these levels are not achievable with current technology, so how could a person with ordinary skill in the art know how to create this craft?” Bonzell wrote.
Nonetheless, Pais’ patent attorney issued a rebuttal and said Bonzell was wrong, citing peer reviews in scientific publications and the speech of Navy Warfare Chief Scientist James Sheehy, who said that the invention was “activated” and being tested. “The examiner [Bonzell] is not an active researcher and is not on the front lines of science, as peer reviewers usually are, ”snorted the patent attorney’s rebuttal.
During the application process, Sheehy, who holds a doctorate. in physiological optics, also defended the grant of the patent. He said Pais’s test program for the experimental vehicle was promising. “Based on these initial findings, I would say it will become a reality,” he said in a letter to Bonzell. “China is already investing significantly in this area, and I would rather we own the patent than pay more and more to use this revolutionary technology.”
Several months after the patent examiner’s “final rejection”, the patent was still granted. Bonzell, contacted by spying, said he was unable to comment beyond his findings in the files filed with the patent application. Sheehy did not respond to a request for comment.
However, a third physicist, Terry Matilsky, professor emeritus of astronomy and physics at Rutgers University, said Bonzell was just pointing out something fundamental: the concept of mass reduction, which is at the heart of the patent, is contrary to all known physics, starting with Einstein’s special theory of relativity and the well-known formula E = mc ^ 2.
“How can you reduce the mass anyway?” ” He asked. “You are violating the principle of conservation of energy. At this point I am suffering from a disconnection and I need to try to put the pieces back together from that point of view. How is it possible ?
It has been suggested that the United States could have indulged in disinformation by claiming to have made a leap in the development of exotic planes with unknown propulsion systems. The problem, however, is that Chinese and Russian physicists identified the same problem that Matilsky, Ostriker, and Webb identified and quickly called it nonsense.
“The caveat is that the universe I would like to live in is the Star Trek universe,” Webb said. “You know, where we would come in contact with exotic species and we learn things from them. It would just be an interesting place. Yes, I would like this to be the universe we live in.
The problem, he said, is that the evidence for a Star Trek on Earth just isn’t there.
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